Difference between revisions of "Tiger"

From The ECRYPT Hash Function Website
m (Preimages for Reduced-Round Tiger)
m (Preimage Attacks on Reduced Tiger and SHA-2)
 
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=== Preimage Attacks ===
 
=== Preimage Attacks ===
 +
 +
<bibtex>
 +
@INPROCEEDINGS{fseIsobeS09,
 +
  author = {Takanori Isobe and Kyoji Shibutani},
 +
  title = {Preimage Attacks on Reduced Tiger and SHA-2},
 +
  booktitle = {Fast Software Encryption},
 +
  year = {2009},
 +
  editor = {Dunkelman, Orr},
 +
  volume = {5665},
 +
  series = {LNCS},
 +
  pages = {139-155},
 +
  publisher = {Springer},
 +
  url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03317-9}
 +
  abstract = {This paper shows new preimage attacks on reduced Tiger and SHA-2.
 +
Indesteege and Preneel presented a preimage attack on Tiger reduced
 +
to 13 rounds (out of 24) with a complexity of 2^{128.5}. Our new
 +
preimage attack finds a one-block preimage of Tiger reduced to 16
 +
rounds with a complexity of 2^{161}. The proposed attack is based
 +
on meet-in-the-middle attacks. It seems difficult to find “independent
 +
words” of Tiger at first glance, since its key schedule function
 +
is much more complicated than that of MD4 or MD5. However, we developed
 +
techniques to find independent words efficiently by controlling its
 +
internal variables. Surprisingly, the similar techniques can be applied
 +
to SHA-2 including both SHA-256 and SHA-512. We present a one-block
 +
preimage attack on SHA-256 and SHA-512 reduced to 24 (out of 64 and
 +
80) steps with a complexity of 2^{240} and 2^{480}, respectively.
 +
To the best of our knowledge, our attack is the best known preimage
 +
attack on reduced-round Tiger and our preimage attack on reduced-step
 +
SHA-512 is the first result. Furthermore, our preimage attacks can
 +
also be extended to second preimage attacks directly, because our
 +
attacks can obtain random preimages from an arbitrary IV and an arbitrary
 +
target.},
 +
}
 +
</bibtex>
  
 
<bibtex>
 
<bibtex>

Latest revision as of 14:10, 18 September 2009

1 Specification

Ross J. Anderson, Eli Biham - TIGER: A Fast New Hash Function

FSE 1039:89-97,1996
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-60865-6
Bibtex
Author : Ross J. Anderson, Eli Biham
Title : TIGER: A Fast New Hash Function
In : FSE -
Address :
Date : 1996

2 Cryptanalysis

2.1 Best Known Results

The best known attack is a 1-bit circular pseudo-near-collision for Tiger with a complexity of about 247 of Mendel and Rijmen. The best collision attack on Tiger was presented by Mendel et al. for Tiger reduced to 19 out of 24 rounds. The attack has a complexity of about 262.


2.2 Generic Attacks


2.3 Collision Attacks

Florian Mendel, Vincent Rijmen - Cryptanalysis of the Tiger Hash Function

ASIACRYPT 4833:536-550,2007
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-76900-2_33
Bibtex
Author : Florian Mendel, Vincent Rijmen
Title : Cryptanalysis of the Tiger Hash Function
In : ASIACRYPT -
Address :
Date : 2007

Florian Mendel, Bart Preneel, Vincent Rijmen, Hirotaka Yoshida, Dai Watanabe - Update on Tiger

INDOCRYPT 4329:63-79,2006
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/11941378_6
Bibtex
Author : Florian Mendel, Bart Preneel, Vincent Rijmen, Hirotaka Yoshida, Dai Watanabe
Title : Update on Tiger
In : INDOCRYPT -
Address :
Date : 2006

John Kelsey, Stefan Lucks - Collisions and Near-Collisions for Reduced-Round Tiger

FSE 4047:111-125,2006
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/11799313_8
Bibtex
Author : John Kelsey, Stefan Lucks
Title : Collisions and Near-Collisions for Reduced-Round Tiger
In : FSE -
Address :
Date : 2006

2.4 Second Preimage Attacks


2.5 Preimage Attacks

Takanori Isobe, Kyoji Shibutani - Preimage Attacks on Reduced Tiger and SHA-2

Fast Software Encryption 5665:139-155,2009
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03317-9
Bibtex
Author : Takanori Isobe, Kyoji Shibutani
Title : Preimage Attacks on Reduced Tiger and SHA-2
In : Fast Software Encryption -
Address :
Date : 2009

Florian Mendel - Two Passes of Tiger Are Not One-Way

AFRICACRYPT 5580:29-40,2009
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02384-2_3
Bibtex
Author : Florian Mendel
Title : Two Passes of Tiger Are Not One-Way
In : AFRICACRYPT -
Address :
Date : 2009

Sebastiaan Indesteege, Bart Preneel - Preimages for Reduced-Round Tiger

WEWoRC 4945:90-99,2007
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-88353-1_8
Bibtex
Author : Sebastiaan Indesteege, Bart Preneel
Title : Preimages for Reduced-Round Tiger
In : WEWoRC -
Address :
Date : 2007

2.6 Others