Difference between revisions of "Edon-R (SHA-3 submission)"

From The ECRYPT Hash Function Website
m
(Detectable correlations in Edon-R)
 
(3 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
== The algorithm ==
 
== The algorithm ==
  
* Author(s): Danilo Gligoroski, Rune Steinsmo Ødegård, Marija Mihova, Svein Johan Knapskog, Ljupco Kocarev, Aleš Drápal
+
* Author(s): Danilo Gligoroski, Rune Steinsmo Ødegård, Marija Mihova, Svein Johan Knapskog, Ljupco Kocarev, Aleš Drápal, Vlastimil Klima
 
* Website: [http://www.item.ntnu.no/people/personalpages/fac/danilog/edon-r http://www.item.ntnu.no/people/personalpages/fac/danilog/edon-r]
 
* Website: [http://www.item.ntnu.no/people/personalpages/fac/danilog/edon-r http://www.item.ntnu.no/people/personalpages/fac/danilog/edon-r]
 
* NIST submission package: [http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/hash/sha-3/Round1/documents/EDON-R.zip EDON-R.zip]
 
* NIST submission package: [http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/hash/sha-3/Round1/documents/EDON-R.zip EDON-R.zip]
Line 8: Line 8:
 
<bibtex>
 
<bibtex>
 
@misc{sha3G+08,
 
@misc{sha3G+08,
   author    = {Danilo Gligoroski and Rune Steinsmo Ødegård and Marija Mihova and Svein Johan Knapskog and Ljupco Kocarev and Aleš Drápal},
+
   author    = {Danilo Gligoroski and Rune Steinsmo Ødegård and Marija Mihova and Svein Johan Knapskog and Ljupco Kocarev and Aleš Drápal and Vlastimil Klima},
 
   title    = {Cryptographic Hash Function EDON-R},
 
   title    = {Cryptographic Hash Function EDON-R},
 
   url        = {http://people.item.ntnu.no/~danilog/Hash/Edon-R/Supporting_Documentation/EdonRDocumentation.pdf},
 
   url        = {http://people.item.ntnu.no/~danilog/Hash/Edon-R/Supporting_Documentation/EdonRDocumentation.pdf},
Line 23: Line 23:
 
| Type of Analysis || Hash Function Part || Hash Size (n) || Parameters/Variants || Compression Function Calls || Memory Requirements ||  Reference  
 
| Type of Analysis || Hash Function Part || Hash Size (n) || Parameters/Variants || Compression Function Calls || Memory Requirements ||  Reference  
 
|-                     
 
|-                     
| style="background:yellow" | preimage || hash ||  ||  || 2<sup>2n/3</sup> || 2<sup>2n/3</sup> || [http://ehash.iaik.tugraz.at/uploads/7/74/Edon.pdf Khovratovich,Nikolić,Weinmann]
+
| style="background:yellow" | preimage<sup>(1)</sup> || hash ||  ||  || 2<sup>2n/3</sup> || 2<sup>2n/3</sup> || [http://ehash.iaik.tugraz.at/uploads/7/74/Edon.pdf Khovratovich,Nikolić,Weinmann]
 
|-                     
 
|-                     
 
| multi-collision (2<sup>K</sup>) || hash || 256,512 ||  || K*2<sup>n/2</sup> || 2<sup>n/2</sup> || [http://cryptography.hyperlink.cz/BMW/EDONR_analysis_vk.pdf Klima]
 
| multi-collision (2<sup>K</sup>) || hash || 256,512 ||  || K*2<sup>n/2</sup> || 2<sup>n/2</sup> || [http://cryptography.hyperlink.cz/BMW/EDONR_analysis_vk.pdf Klima]
Line 34: Line 34:
 
|-                     
 
|-                     
 
| preimage || compression ||  ||  || - || - || [http://ehash.iaik.tugraz.at/uploads/7/74/Edon.pdf Khovratovich,Nikolić,Weinmann]
 
| preimage || compression ||  ||  || - || - || [http://ehash.iaik.tugraz.at/uploads/7/74/Edon.pdf Khovratovich,Nikolić,Weinmann]
 +
|-                   
 +
| key recovery || secret-prefix MAC||  ||  || 2<sup>5n/8</sup> || - || [http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/135.pdf Leurent]
 +
|-
 +
| correlation analysis || hash || all ||  || - || - || [http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/378.pdf Novotney, Ferguson]
 
|-                     
 
|-                     
 
|}                     
 
|}                     
  
 
A description of this table is given [http://ehash.iaik.tugraz.at/wiki/Cryptanalysis_Categories#Individual_Hash_Function_Tables here].
 
A description of this table is given [http://ehash.iaik.tugraz.at/wiki/Cryptanalysis_Categories#Individual_Hash_Function_Tables here].
 +
 +
<sup>(1)</sup> [http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/120.pdf Gligoroski,Ødegård] dispute the validity of the model in which the attack of Khovratovich et. al is compared to generic attacks.
  
  
Line 59: Line 65:
 
   year      = {2008},
 
   year      = {2008},
 
   abstract  = {The main principle how to make n-bit EDON-R hash functions [1] resistant to generic multicollisions and multipreimages attacks ([2], [3]) is the 2n-bit width of internal chaining value. We show how to degenerate 2n-bit chaining value to n-bit chaining value (for n = 256, 512) by keeping the half of chaining value constant from the beginning. It circumvents the main principle and make EDON-R hash functions (for n = 256, 512) vulnerable to generic multicollisions and multipreimages attacks ([2], [3]) with small additional work factor. We show several properties of EDON-R compression function, which could be interesting for the next study of collisions and preimages. The first cryptanalysis of EDON-R was made in [4]. We present an independent research, partially overlaping with [4]. We want to note that this is preliminary version, that we present here only sketches of the proofs and that not all of the accompanied problems are completely solved.},
 
   abstract  = {The main principle how to make n-bit EDON-R hash functions [1] resistant to generic multicollisions and multipreimages attacks ([2], [3]) is the 2n-bit width of internal chaining value. We show how to degenerate 2n-bit chaining value to n-bit chaining value (for n = 256, 512) by keeping the half of chaining value constant from the beginning. It circumvents the main principle and make EDON-R hash functions (for n = 256, 512) vulnerable to generic multicollisions and multipreimages attacks ([2], [3]) with small additional work factor. We show several properties of EDON-R compression function, which could be interesting for the next study of collisions and preimages. The first cryptanalysis of EDON-R was made in [4]. We present an independent research, partially overlaping with [4]. We want to note that this is preliminary version, that we present here only sketches of the proofs and that not all of the accompanied problems are completely solved.},
 +
}
 +
</bibtex>
 +
 +
<bibtex>
 +
@misc{edonGO09,
 +
  author    = {Danilo Gligoroski and Rune Steinsmo Ødegård},
 +
  title    = {On the Complexity of Khovratovich et. al's Preimage Attack on EDON-R},
 +
  url        = {http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/120.pdf},
 +
  howpublished = {Available online},
 +
  year      = {2009},
 +
  abstract  = {Based on the analysis made by van Oorschot and Wiener for the complexity of parallel memoryless collision search [5], we show that the memoryless meet-in-the-middle attack which is one part of the whole preimage attack of Khovratovich et. al. [3] on EDON-R hash function has complexity bigger than $2^n$.},
 +
}
 +
</bibtex>
 +
 +
<bibtex>
 +
@misc{cryptoeprint:2009:135,
 +
    author = {Gaëtan Leurent},
 +
    title = {Key Recovery Attack against Secret-prefix Edon-R},
 +
    howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2009/135},
 +
    year = {2009},
 +
    url = {http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/135.pdf},
 +
    abstract = {Edon-R is a SHA-3 candidate. In this paper we show that using Edon-R as a MAC with the secret prefix construction is unsafe. Our attack requires 2 queries, $2^{5n/8}$ computations, and negligible memory.},
 +
}
 +
</bibtex>
 +
 +
<bibtex>
 +
@misc{cryptoeprint:2009:378,
 +
    author = {Peter Novotney and Niels Ferguson},
 +
    title = {Detectable correlations in Edon-R},
 +
    howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2009/378},
 +
    year = {2009},
 +
    url={http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/378.pdf},
 +
    note = {\url{http://eprint.iacr.org/}},
 +
    abstract = {The Edon-R compression function has a large set of useful differentials that produce easily detectable output bit biases. We show how to construct such differentials, and use them to create a distinguisher for Edon-R-512 that requires around $2^{54}$ compression function evaluations (or $2^{28}$ evaluations after a pre-computation of $2^{66}$ evaluations). The differentials can also be used to attack a variety of MAC and KDF constructions when they use Edon-R-512.},
 
}
 
}
 
</bibtex>
 
</bibtex>

Latest revision as of 08:35, 6 August 2009

1 The algorithm


Danilo Gligoroski, Rune Steinsmo Ødegård, Marija Mihova, Svein Johan Knapskog, Ljupco Kocarev, Aleš Drápal, Vlastimil Klima - Cryptographic Hash Function EDON-R

,2008
http://people.item.ntnu.no/~danilog/Hash/Edon-R/Supporting_Documentation/EdonRDocumentation.pdf
Bibtex
Author : Danilo Gligoroski, Rune Steinsmo Ødegård, Marija Mihova, Svein Johan Knapskog, Ljupco Kocarev, Aleš Drápal, Vlastimil Klima
Title : Cryptographic Hash Function EDON-R
In : -
Address :
Date : 2008


2 Cryptanalysis

Type of Analysis Hash Function Part Hash Size (n) Parameters/Variants Compression Function Calls Memory Requirements Reference
preimage(1) hash 22n/3 22n/3 Khovratovich,Nikolić,Weinmann
multi-collision (2K) hash 256,512 K*2n/2 2n/2 Klima
multi-preimage hash 256,512 ? ? Klima
collision compression - - Khovratovich,Nikolić,Weinmann
2nd preimage compression - - Khovratovich,Nikolić,Weinmann
preimage compression - - Khovratovich,Nikolić,Weinmann
key recovery secret-prefix MAC 25n/8 - Leurent
correlation analysis hash all - - Novotney, Ferguson

A description of this table is given here.

(1) Gligoroski,Ødegård dispute the validity of the model in which the attack of Khovratovich et. al is compared to generic attacks.


Dmitry Khovratovich, Ivica Nikolić, Ralf-Philipp Weinmann - Cryptanalysis of Edon-R

,2008
http://ehash.iaik.tugraz.at/uploads/7/74/Edon.pdf
Bibtex
Author : Dmitry Khovratovich, Ivica Nikolić, Ralf-Philipp Weinmann
Title : Cryptanalysis of Edon-R
In : -
Address :
Date : 2008

Vlastimil Klima - Multicollisions of EDON-R hash function and other observations

,2008
http://cryptography.hyperlink.cz/BMW/EDONR_analysis_vk.pdf
Bibtex
Author : Vlastimil Klima
Title : Multicollisions of EDON-R hash function and other observations
In : -
Address :
Date : 2008

Danilo Gligoroski, Rune Steinsmo Ødegård - On the Complexity of Khovratovich et. al's Preimage Attack on EDON-R

,2009
http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/120.pdf
Bibtex
Author : Danilo Gligoroski, Rune Steinsmo Ødegård
Title : On the Complexity of Khovratovich et. al's Preimage Attack on EDON-R
In : -
Address :
Date : 2009

Gaëtan Leurent - Key Recovery Attack against Secret-prefix Edon-R

,2009
http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/135.pdf
Bibtex
Author : Gaëtan Leurent
Title : Key Recovery Attack against Secret-prefix Edon-R
In : -
Address :
Date : 2009

Peter Novotney, Niels Ferguson - Detectable correlations in Edon-R

,2009
http://eprint.iacr.org/2009/378.pdf
Bibtex
Author : Peter Novotney, Niels Ferguson
Title : Detectable correlations in Edon-R
In : -
Address :
Date : 2009